In addition to renewable diesel, the UPM Lappeenranta Biorefinery produces renewable naphtha. It is an ideal biocomponent for gasoline and for replacing fossil raw materials in various innovative products in the chemical industry, such as bioplastics or glues. The raw material for Finnish UPM BioVerno naphtha consists of crude tall oil extracted during the pulp production process.
UPM BioVerno naphtha for replacing fossil raw materials
UPM BioVerno naphtha features
- Made from crude tall oil - a residue of the pulp production process
- A chemically pure hydrocarbon
- A colourless, sulphur-free, paraffinic biocomponent
- May be used as a raw material for bioplastics and in other chemical industry solutions
Principal quality figures
- Density (at 15 °C): max. 775 kg/m3
- Sulphur: max. 10 mg/kg
- End point of distillation: max. 210 °C
- ISCC PLUS, RSB low ILUC risk and RSB Advanced products
Renewable by design
Mass balance story of UPM BioVerno naphtha
UPM BioVerno naphtha is 100% bio-based and has identical physical properties to fossil-based naphtha. In the polymer industry, intermediate products such as naphtha are supplied in bulk and mixed during polymer production. Currently naphtha used in the polymer industry cannot be fully covered by bio-based products because of limited supply.
In the production process certified renewable naphtha mixes with non-renewable naphtha. In order to bring the benefits of certification and sustainability to as many polymer producers as possible, ISCC and RSB uses a system called mass balance. A plastic product produced based on the mass balance system means that the individual product might not contain renewable naphtha but guarantees that renewable feedstock has been used during production.
Thanks to the flexibility offered by the mass balance system, gradual increase of renewable feedstock is possible and existing production facilities and infrastructure can be utilized. Without this system, supply demand could not be reached and this would encourage production of fully fossil-based products. Whether the renewable share ends up in one product or another, each tonne of renewable naphtha reduces a tonne of fossil-based raw material.